Ureaplasmosis

Ureaplasmosis – is an infection transmitted sexually, by causing micro-organisms called ureaplasma.

Ureaplasmas – a tiny bacteria that live on the mucous membrane of genitals and urinary tract. First, treat ureaplasma mycoplasma, but were isolated in a separate genus because of its ability to break down urea.

Just have to say that ureaplasmas are opportunistic pathogens. They can cause a number of diseases, but at the same time, they often identify and healthy people.

Ureaplasmas detected in the genital area of ​​approximately every third newborn girl. In boys, the figure is much lower.

Often, children infected at birth, with time is self-healing of ureaplasma. This is especially true for boys. As a result, school girls are not sexually active, ureaplasma detected only in 5-22% of cases.

People who have sex, the prevalence of ureaplasma increases, due to infection during sexual intercourse. Ureaplasma carriers are about half women. In men, they are less common, perhaps self-healing.
Modes of transmission

Infection may ureaplasmas from mother during childbirth. They reveal the genitals (mostly girls) and in the nasopharynx of infants.

Adults are infected through sexual contact. Household contamination is unlikely.

What appears

In cases bolshinstvae ureaplasma, while in the body, does not cause disease. If the disease is still developed, it can be shown as:

Urethritis in men.
Inflammatory diseases of the uterus and appendages.
Urolithiasis (kidney stones).
Spontaneous abortion and premature birth.

The role of ureaplasma in the development of prostatitis is currently unproven.
Diagnosis

For the detection of ureaplasma culture and use PCR (polymerase chain reaction).

ELISA (enzyme immunoassay) and PIF (direct immunofluorescence) are widely used in our country, but are characterized by low accuracy (50-70%).

Detection of antibodies to Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum is of limited value in the diagnosis of ureaplasmosis.
Treatment

Detection of Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum are not an indication for treatment.

According to modern concepts approach to treatment should be next. In identifying the disease agents which may be ureaplasmas (urethritis, inflammatory disease of the uterus and appendages, urolithiasis), the physician should be aware of their possible role.

It should be noted that the agents mentioned diseases are not only ureaplasmas, but many other organisms. The share of ureaplasma represent only a subset of these diseases.

Taking into account that ureaplasma can cause miscarriage and premature birth, before a planned pregnancy, it is advisable to get rid of ureaplasma.

If only one partner is treated can easily re-infection occur.