Ultrasonography of the pelvis

An ultrasound of the pelvic organs – one of the most simple, affordable and safe methods of diagnosis of gynecological diseases. It can not only detect pathology, but also to trace its development and evaluate the effectiveness of likuvannya.V currently used two main types of sensors – transabdominal and transvaginal. First to assess the state of the genital organs through the abdominal wall and the latter inserted in the vagina. Sometimes used transrectal technique, in which the sensor is placed in direct kyshku.Obov ‘prerequisite of transabdominal studies is the maximum filling of the bladder that can significantly improve the visual picture. Usually it is used for inspection of virgins and pregnant women.
The advantage of transvaginal access is the lack of preparation and better visualization of internal organs, through which can reveal subtle features of their budovy.U during gynecological ultrasound assesses the state of the uterus, cervix, ovaries and fallopian tubes. Determine their location in the cavity of the pelvis and position relative to each other, shape, size, features internal budovy.Krim addition, ultrasound can detect ovarian compliance structure and thickness of endometrium functional layer phase of the menstrual cycle. Provides research follicles and corpus luteum ovaries.
The procedure is performed in any day of the menstrual cycle, except during bleeding. Suspicion of uterine fibroids make it better immediately after menstruation, so the size of myomatous nodes change under the influence of sex hormoniv.UZD to set their number and place of localization, which is very important to develop tactics for effective treatment. This technique detects adenomyosis and endometrioid ovarian cysts, while others place the localization centers of endometriosis are closed to ultrazvuku.Prote it very informative in inflammation of the uterus and its appendages – endometritis, adnexitis, oophoritis, salpingitis, as represents the structure and peculiarities of endometrial inflammatory process.
Using ultrasound of the pelvic organs evaluated the effects of abortion and surgical intervention, conducted in this area. It shows the remnants of fetal eggs in the uterus, shows why long krovotechi.Dana method helps to prevent the postoperative complications or time to take action to remove them. Among gynecological pathologies that are visualized on ultrasound, it should be noted dysfunction of the ovaries, uterine hyperplasia, tumors and cysts yayechnykiv.Pry this procedure is carried out twice a month, track the growth of endometrium functional layer, the process of follicular growth and release a mature egg (ovulation).
This diagnostic procedure is recommended for women held at least once a year, especially when planning vahitnosti.Dlya effective treatment is important to catch the disease early in its development. Prevention research helps save lives and health of patients, create favorable conditions for the future of some gynecological diseases materynstva.Symptomatyka correlates with urinary tract abnormalities, so the ultrasound of the pelvic organs can be observed and problems associated with the bladder. In this case a kidney ultrasound, the woman goes to urologist.