The structure of the female genital organs

Female genital organs are divided into external (vulva) and internal. The internal sex organs provide birth, participate in outdoor sex and are responsible for sexual feelings.

The internal sex organs are the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. By the outer – the pubis, large and small labia, clitoris, vaginal vestibule, vestibule big gland (Bartholin glands). The boundary between the external and internal sex organs is the hymen, and after the onset of sexual activity – it rests.
External genitalia

Pubis (mound Venus, the moon hill) – the lower portion of the anterior abdominal wall of women, rising slightly due to the well-developed subcutaneous fatty layer. The region has a pronounced pubic hair, which is usually darker than the head, and apparently is a triangle with sharply delineated upper horizontal border and the apex pointing downwards. Labia (lips shameful) – folds of skin that are located on both sides of the gender gap and the vestibule. There are large and small labia

Labia – the folds of the skin, which is located deep in the rich fat tissue. The skin of the labia majora has many sebaceous and sweat glands and puberty on the outside is covered with hair. In the lower parts of the labia majora are Bartholin gland. In the absence of sexual stimulation of the labia usually are closed in the midline, creating a mechanical protection for the urethra and the vagina.

Labia are located between the labia lips in the form of two thin delicate pink skin folds that limit the advance of the vagina. They have a large number of sebaceous glands, blood vessels and nerve endings, which makes their body sexual feelings. Small mouth converge over the clitoris forming a fold of skin called the clitoral foreskin. When sexual arousal the labia are saturated with blood and become elastic rollers, narrowing the vagina, which increases the intensity of sexual sensations with the introduction of the penis.

Clitoris – Female external genitalia, located at the upper ends of the labia minora. This is a unique organ, the only function of which is to concentrate and accumulate sexual experience. The size and appearance of the clitoris are individual differences. Length – about 4-5 mm, but in some women it reaches 1 cm or more. When sexually aroused clitoris increases in size.

Vestibule – slit-like space bounded laterally by small labia, in the front – the clitoris, back – back spaykoy labia. Above the threshold covered vagina hymen or its remnants. On the eve of the vagina opens the external opening of the urethra, located between the clitoris and the vaginal opening. Threshold of the vagina is very sensitive to touch and at the time of sexual arousal is filled with blood, forming a resilient flexible “cuff”, which is moistened by secretion of large and small glands (vaginal lubrication) and opens the entrance to the vagina.

Bartholin’s gland (gland large vestibule) are located in the interior of the labia majora at their base. The value of a gland about 1.5-2 cm glands during sexual stimulation and intercourse secrete sticky grayish-rich protein liquid (vaginal fluid, grease).

The internal sex organs

The vagina (vagina) – internal female sexual organ, which is involved in the process of sexual intercourse, and childbirth is part of the birth canal. The length of the vagina in women, on average, 8 cm, but for some it may be longer (10-12 cm) or shorter (up to 6 cm). Inside the vagina is lined with mucous membrane with a large number of folds, allowing it to stretch during childbirth.

Ovaries – female sex gland at birth they contain more than one million immature eggs. In the ovaries also produced hormones estrogen and progesterone. Due to the constant cycle the content of these hormones in the body, as well as the release of pituitary hormones occur maturation of oocytes and their subsequent exit from the ovaries. This process is repeated approximately every 28 days. The release of an egg is called ovulation. In the immediate vicinity of each fallopian tube ovary is located.

Fallopian tubes (fallopian tubes) – two hollow tubes with holes coming from the ovaries to the uterus and the opening in its upper part. At the ends of the tubes near the ovaries are the villi. When the egg is released from the ovary, its fibers continuous movements are trying to grab it and drive into the tube so that it can continue the path to the uterus.

Uterus – hollow organ shaped like a pear. It is located in the pelvic cavity. During pregnancy the uterus increases with the growth of the fetus. The walls of the uterus are composed of layers of muscles. With the onset of labor and during delivery reduced the muscle of the uterus, the cervix stretches and opens up and the fruit is pushed into the birth canal.

The cervix is ​​the lower part of it with a passage connecting the uterus and vagina. During labor, the cervix wall thinning, pharynx expands and the cervix becomes a circular hole with a diameter of about 10 centimeters, due to this it becomes possible to output the fetus from the uterus into the vagina.

The hymen (hymen) – a thin fold of mucous membrane in virgins, located at the entrance of the vagina between the internal and external genitalia. Each girl has a solo, but her inherent features of the hymen. In the hymen has one or more openings of varying size and shape, through which menstrual blood is released.

The first time you have sex there is a rupture of the hymen (deflowering), usually with a small amount of blood, sometimes with some pain. At the age of 22 years less elastic membrane than at a young age, so young girls deflowering usually easier and with less blood loss, there are cases of committing sexual acts, and without breaking the hymen. Breaks of the hymen may be deep, with profuse bleeding, or superficial, with little bleeding. Sometimes when you are too elastic hymen breaks does not occur in this case, deflowering occurs without pain and bleeding. After birth, the hymen is destroyed completely, leaving only some of its patches.

The absence of the girl defloration blood should not cause jealousy or suspicion, since it is necessary to take into account individual characteristics of the structure of the female genital organs.

In order to reduce pain during defloration and increase duration of intercourse, it is possible to apply grease containing drugs that reduce pain sensitivity of the vaginal mucosa.