Ovarian cyst

Ovaries – the most important organs of the female reproductive system. They develop those same eggs are in the process of conception will be combined with sperm. Of all the diseases of ovarian cysts occur most often.
What is it?

Any cyst – a cavity with thin walls, something like a bag filled with semi-liquid contents. Ovarian cyst is arranged on the same principle. Depending on what was the cause of its formation, cysts are divided into several types.

Follicular cyst. It is formed when the ripened egg can not leave the follicle, located in the ovary and into the abdominal cavity (during ovulation). Unopened follicles gradually filled with fluid and stretch – get a cyst.
A cyst of the corpus luteum. Is quite rare. After the release of an egg from the follicle at the same spot is formed, the so-called “yellow body” – cluster of cells that secrete sex hormone progesterone. This cluster should resolve with time. If a failure has occurred – in place of the follicle forms a cyst.
Others. In the ovary may form small tumors filled with fluid, mucus, and sometimes even hair and fat (dermoid cyst). Some cysts can grow to the size of full-term pregnancy.

A cyst in the ovary often appears as a result of hormonal disorders in women. Another reason – inflammatory disease.
What is dangerous?

Seven out of ten ovarian cysts are functional varieties and pass on their own with the beginning of the next menstrual cycle. However, if the cyst is not broken, it can grow large and cause pain, interfering with the adjacent organs.

Sometimes the cyst is shaped like a mushroom on a thin stalk. From the exercise, or for any other reason, this pin can twist, and then the blood vessels that feed the cyst compressed. As a result, the remaining supply without cyst may become lifeless, fester and break into the abdominal cavity. It threatens a woman serious complication – peritonitis.

In addition, ovarian cysts can cause female infertility.

However, the most serious consequence of an ovarian cyst – her rebirth into a malignant tumor.
Diagnosis and treatment

Suspected ovarian cyst in his own woman is unlikely to be able to. When the disease is usually no complaints with her there. Is that hurts a little bit lower abdomen last month or a little longer than usual. The only exception is a cyst with torsion legs. In this case, there may be a picture, much like appendicitis or other acute process in the lower abdomen and needed urgent hospitalization.

To identify ovarian cyst without twisting legs can only be a gynecologist. First of all, he would send the patient on pelvic ultrasound, and to determine the cause of the cyst, appoint an analysis of hormones.

In some particularly difficult cases, precise diagnosis is possible only with the help of diagnostic laparoscopy. In the abdominal wall surgeons make several small punctures, and through them enter a special optical instrument (laparoscope) that allows you to see a larger image of the patient’s internal reproductive organs.

Cyst, which appeared due to hormonal failure, treating endocrinologist. He appoints the patient hormonal pills. If the cause of cyst formation – inflammation of the ovaries, before you deal with a cyst, remove inflammation. Well to physical therapy, anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamins and antibiotics.

When the urgent need to get rid of the cyst, it is removed by laparoscopy (through small incisions in the navel area), except in cases where it has grown too large or ultrasound results are questionable. Then most likely will be done abdominal surgery with a cross section of the abdominal wall.

Once again, remember that every woman (regardless of age) should undergo regular pelvic exam. Otherwise, you’re not you can learn about the appearance of an ovarian cyst as long as it does not grow too big and will not lead to serious problems.