Dysbacteriosis vagina

Dysbacteriosis or dysbiosis of the vagina is a pathological change its microflora. It occurs quite frequently and in varying degrees manifests itself in most zhinok.Sche a synonym for this disease is bacterial vaginosis, but it often is used to indicate the point at which there is over-active reproduction hardnerell – representatives of pathogenic group mikroorhanizmiv.U normal microflora of the vagina is represented mainly Lactobacteria and bifidobacteria, the share of other microbes (hardnerell, fungi, candida, etc.) account for less than 1% of their population.
Normal microflora in a state of dynamic equilibrium between all its components, it prevents the penetration and proliferation of alien mikroorhanizmiv.Prote under the influence of negative factors balance is disturbed, the number of lacto-and bifidobacteria decreased, begins active reproduction of pathogenic mikrobiv.U result of developing candidiasis (thrush ) hardnereloz or saprophytic overgrowth of the vagina caused by Escherichia coli, streptococcus, staphylococcus or proteyem.Pry penetration agents of sexually transmitted infections occur chlamydia, trichomoniasis, or other type of sexually transmitted diseases.
The cause of dysbiosis can be almost any negative impact on female orhanizm.Naychastishe it is caused by severe or permanent hypothermia, changes or hormonal background of climate change, stress, a large number of sexual partneriv.Hormonalnyy imbalance occurs, usually against pregnancy , childbirth, abortion, puberty, occasional sex, can play a role menopauzy.Nehatyvnu inflammatory disease pelvic infections, sexually transmitted infections, prolonged antibiotic treatment, violation of intestinal microflora, the rules of personal hygiene during menstruation, as well as wrong use tampons.
The course dysbiosis vagina may be asymptomatic or cause complaints from patients as long as local immunity impedes the development of inflammatory protsesu.V Otherwise there vaginitis (colpitis), a woman complains of itching and burning in the vagina, the nature of discharge, they acquire an unpleasant odor, unusual texture and color them. In addition, the number of oil, there is pain during sexual akti.Sered complications, which could lead unobserved time and not cured dysbiosis should be noted inflammatory disease located above the genitals – cervicitis, endometritis, adnexitis, oophoritis, salpingitis, and infection of the urinary bladder and urinary tract – cystitis, urethritis.
Diagnosis includes a gynecological examination, analysis smear flora, bakposev discharge from the vagina, as well as special studies on diseases, sexually transmitted infections (PCR, ELISA). Given the sensitivity of microbes intended course of STI pathogens antybiotykiv.Yakscho not found, treatment can limit the use of antiseptics in the form of douches, as well as measures to restore the normal microflora and local immunity wall pihvy.Likuvannya sexual partner performed only in case of genital infection. Usually dysbiosis vagina does not entail negative consequences for men, even with regular sexual intercourse without using prezervatyva.U rare cases, against the background of decreased immunity may develop balanoposthitis or nonspecific urethritis.