Disorders of the menstrual cycle

The main feature of the normal menstrual cycle are considered regular menstruation – bleeding from the genital tract. They occur every 21-35 days and go for 3-7 days.
How to recognize a violation?

It’s very simple and logical: if a normal menstrual period – then everything is fine – if not, the menstrual cycle is broken. The most pronounced form of cycle disturbances – amenorrhea: the complete absence of menstrual periods more than six months. In addition, the suspect is considered too meager, or, conversely, is too heavy periods, and their irregularity (very frequent or rare). A woman should alert the bleeding, reaching only 1-2 days a week or more.
The reasons

Disorders of the menstrual cycle – this is not a disease but merely a sign that the work of the internal genitalia something went wrong. In violation of the origins of the cycle are usually defects in the hormonal system. And not necessarily that these defects is related to sex hormones. The culprits can be easily thyroid hormones, adrenal and pituitary gland, even (an important part of the brain). The reasons for such hormonal disruptions may be several:

constant stress or damage to the nervous system;
infectious and noninfectious diseases of internal genital organs;
other serious diseases of internal organs and systems (liver, kidneys, lungs, blood);
serious infectious diseases;
genetic predisposition;
taking certain medications;
abrupt change of residence (eg, moving from Syktyvkar to Murmansk);
radiation, and poisoning;
poor nutrition (weight loss or vitamin deficiency, or the contrary – obesity).

At the same time, tampons, contrary to some misconceptions, no adverse effect on the menstrual cycle (although it may lead to other problems).
What is dangerous?

Sometimes a minor violation of the menstrual cycle can be very serious disease: ectopic pregnancy, benign and malignant tumors of the ovaries or uterus, tuberculosis, tumors of the brain.
Diagnosis

Noticing that month suddenly became not so, as usual, the woman should immediately go to the gynecologist. The faster it turns out the cause of menstrual disorders, the better. First of all, the study doctor will prescribe the patient’s hormonal profile. It is also necessary to do ultrasound to find out whether there is disease or damage to internal organs. Another study of the right – to check for infection: the usual vaginal swab, or a more complex diagnostic PCR. In terms of what the analysis of hormones, the patient may need to consult a specialist endocrinologist.
Treatment

Menstrual disorders should be sure to make normal. At the same time does not heal itself a violation of the cycle, and removed the causes that led to it:

infectious and inflammatory processes are treated with special pills and physical therapy;
with initial hormonal disorders prescribe hormone therapy;
in the case of tumors may require surgical intervention;
support weakened body will help physical education, nutrition, vitamins.