Diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis

Endometriosis is most often found in women from 20 to 45 years. Intrigue of the disease lies in the fact that it was a long time may be asymptomatic. However, over time begin to show the painful symptoms.
Possible symptoms are:

discomfort during sex;
failure of menstrual function, manifested by painful heavy periods, spotting before and after menstruation;
intense pain in the abdomen and lower back, initially associated with menstruation, and with constant development of the disease;
Infertility is not explained by other causes.

Diagnosis

Endometriosis can only reveal the gynecologist. After listening to the patient’s complaints, he will complete clinical and gynecological examination to rule out other women’s diseases. You may also need additional research:

Pelvic ultrasound;
hysterosalpingography (X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes);
Diagnostic laparoscopy – a small surgical procedure, which will examine the pelvic organs from the inside using a special optical device, introduced into the abdominal cavity through a small incision.

Treatment

To date, there are two main methods of treatment of the disease:

hormone;
surgery.

With the help of hormones in a woman doctor simulates the complete absence of menstruation and endometriosis atrophy alone. The treatment is usually long – within six months. However, these drugs can cause serious side effects and the likely resumption of the process after the termination of their admission.

A more effective method – surgical. Even 15 years ago to endometriosis came drastically by removing the affected organs and the uterus. Today, laparoscopy can remove only the endometriosis (laser or electrocoagulation), while maintaining the internal sex organs.

Many gynecologists recommend that nulliparous women with endometriosis pregnancy and childbirth in cases where this is possible. First of all, in fact, many scientific studies have shown that endometriosis is itself in some women after childbirth. Secondly for a woman who already has children, is not it katostrofichno radical hysterectomy, if the process failed to stop.

Interestingly, according to statistics, the least sick endometriosis risk smokers, and women taking hormonal birth control pills. If the first method is unlikely to be used as prophylaxis, the hormonal contraceptive drugs recommended by gynecologists, both in the prevention of endometriosis, and to treat it early.